Periodontal pockets are a serious gum issue that leads to the formation of spaces and openings around your gum line and, eventually, to infections.
When left untreated, these pockets tend to fill up with infection-causing bacteria and can ultimately lead to tooth loss.
The process of treating the condition is called periodontal pocket reduction. In this blog, we will take a look at the various options available for treatment.
The treatment of periodontal pockets depends on their size and depth as well as the health of your gums and jaw bone.
Scaling and root planing is a two-step deep cleaning procedure. Scaling refers to the removal of plaque and tartar above and below your gum line.
The next step - root planing, refers to the smoothing out of the tooth roots to enable your gums to reattach to the teeth.
Both procedures are performed under anesthesia.
Professional cleaning is the best solution if the periodontal pockets are 4 to 5 mm in depth. The cleaning will be complemented with a dynamic oral hygiene routine at home.
The dentist will recommend that you brush and floss twice a day and use an antibacterial mouthwash daily, without fail. Doing so helps shrink gum inflammation while removing plaque and tartar from the gumline.
Flap surgery comes into play when you have deep pockets but the tooth can still be saved. The periodontist will make small incisions on the gum to gain access to the tooth root and then perform root planing and scaling.
In case there is bone loss, the remaining bone will be smoothened, and any ridges where bacteria can thrive will be eliminated. The gum tissue will then be sutured back in place.
When left untreated, periodontal pockets can lead to severely weakened gums and even tooth loss. Therefore, seeking treatment at the right time is the best way to maintain your smile and your oral health.
For the best solutions, schedule an appointment with Dr. Ghasem K. Darian at Winning Smiles Dentistry by calling (602) 691-6468 (for Phoenix, Arizona) or (623) 777-7942 (for Glendale, Arizona).